Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication: January 2000
Paperback, 176 pages
Confectionery is a topic close to many people’s hearts and its manufacture involves some interesting science. The confectionery industry is divided into three classes: chocolate, flour and sugar confectionery. It is the background science of this latter category that is covered in The Science of Sugar Confectionery.
The manufacture of confectionery is not a science based industry, as these products have traditionally been created by skilled confectioners working empirically. In fact, scientific understanding of the production process has only been acquired retroactively. Historically however, sugar confectionery has had technological synergies with the pharmaceutical industry, such as making sugar tablets and applying panned sugar coatings.
This book gives an introduction to the subject, with some basic definitions and commonly used ingredients and then moves on to discuss the chemistry of various types of sugar confectionery. These include “sugar glasses” (boiled sweets), “grained sugar products” (fondants), toffees and fudges, “hydrocolloids” (gums, pastilles and jellies) and concludes with a chapter dedicated to sugar-free confectionery.
Table of Contents
Chapter I – Introduction
Food Law / The Scope of Sugar Confectionery / Health and Safety
Chapter 2 – Basic Science
Stability / Colligative Properties / PH / Polarimetry / The Maillard Reaction / Densimetry / Refractive Index / Analytical Chemistry / Water Content / Sugar Analysis / Emulsions / The Chemistry of Oils and Fats